The Museum of Southern History covers all aspects and regions of the Country during the War Between the States era but since we are located in Florida, we thought it appropriate to provide some little known facts relating to Florida. Although many refer to the war as the Civil War, the U. S. Senate recognized the title “War Between the States” as proper in the joint resolution No. 41 on 2 March 1928. The Congressional Record of 2 March 1928 We will refer to the war as such at the museum.
Florida was the third state to secede from the Union, doing so on 10 January 1861, one day after Mississippi. Florida was the only state east of the Mississippi River to successfully defend its capital so that Florida’s capital was not captured during the war. The last attempt by Union forces to capture the state capital was at Natural Bridge on 4, 5 and 6 March 1865.In the 1860 census, there were approximately 14,000 men of military service age. From this group, 110% signed up and served. We arrive at this number as a result of the numbers of men that were older or younger than the military conscription age. Clearly Florida supported succession and the ensuing military engagement. These numbers take on a different perspective when contrasted to today where it is estimated that 75% of all men in the military service age are unfit for military service.